Garage Door

If you've ever driven through Levittown, Long Island, you've seen the paradigm of post-World War II housing. Designed for the young parents who were giving birth to the baby boom generation, Levittown homes were built in accordance with the principles of pre-fabricated housing constructed for servicemen, but they incorporated the "must-haves" of post-war life: big yards , Modern appliances, a television antenna, and other conveniences. Promotional photos for Levittown over a period of years show that the evolution of the garage followed major trends in the changing American lifestyle.

The earliest house plans from the 1940s show boxy, Cape Cod-style homes with a living room, dining room, bath, and two bedrooms. There were no driveways: the single car owned by most families was parked on the street. By 1950, the company brochure offered five homes in a modified Cape Cod / Ranch style, each with a driveway leading to a single attached carport. And in the sister suburb of Levittown, PA, in 1954, the developers presented a variety of homes that incorporated the latest essential in home design – an enclosed garage.

Today, if you drive through even the most moderate suburban neighborhood, you're likely to see a gaping, two-or three-garage garage opening directly onto the street, with living quarters sprawling behind and above. The garage has become the façade of the modern American home.

The growth in the importance of the garage has coincided with the presence of more and more cars in the typical American family. When Henry Ford lowered the price of his model T so that "the workers who build them can afford to buy them," the option of owning an automobile became a reality for families of modest means, and through the decades from 1910 to 1930 car ownership Grow steadily.

Auto sales fell as World War II limited both income and the availability of raw materials, but millions more women learned to drive as they filled jobs previously held by servicemen. By the time the subdivision building boom began shortly after the war, almost any young couple could afford a house for $ 8,000 and an $ 800-dollar station wagon. Typically, after driving her husband to the commuter train station, the housewife used the car to shop and run errands. (African American and other minority families, including Jews in many suburbs, were shut out of housing opportunities by restrictive covenants in the North and Jim Crow laws in the South. But that's another story.)

Soon, though, a single car was not enough: Dad wanted the family car, and Mom needed her own. By the 1960s, it was not uncommon for a teen to get a vehicle – often a grandparent's old car – for his 16th birthday. Instead of parking on the street or under a single carport, a family now needed at least a double garage plus room to park a third or even fourth vehicle. Today, in addition to a garage for two cars (or, more likely, one car plus an attic's worth of clutter), many suburban and rural homes include an additional, oversized garage for the RV.

Garage doors have changed, too. The earliest ones in the late 19th century were simply barn doors that allowed a farmer to bring a horse-drawn buggy into the garage for loading and unloading or storage out of the weather. They hinged outward or rolled sideways on steel tracks like a sliding closet door and were used for mechanized vehicles – tractors, cars, and trucks – as they came into wider use. Carriage homes, originally built by the wealthy for horses and carriages, also began to hold automobiles.

By the early 1920s, as more and more middle-class families could afford Model Ts, a modified version of the garage appeared. Usually a small shed (often only eight or ten feet wide), the garage was not quite enough for a sliding door. A single hinged door would be too heavy and ungainly to move, so a split, hinged door, each half three or four feet wide and seven to eight feet tall, was used instead. These old wooden doors can still be seen in rural areas; They often look home, with small windowpanes and one-by-six-inch diagonal cross-braces across the front. But their weight put great stress on hinges, screws, and the frame, and, when there was snow on the ground, it had to be shoveled out of the way before the doors could swing open.

The invention of the articulated (folding) door was the first real innovation in garage doors. A door split into hinged vertical sections could slide or roll back into the garage itself. In 1921, Mr. CG Johnson designed an overhead garage door with horizontal articulation. Lifted from the bottom, the door roled up and out of the way, each section leveling out as it followed the curve of parallel steel tracks. Five years later Johnson invented the electric opener, to assist people without the strength to raise the heavy door. Johnson's company became the Overhead Door Corporation, still a leading manufacturer of garage doors.

Later developments included the slab door raised on a strong track, and doors using lightweight materials, like Styrofoam-insulated steel, and steel alloys and fiberglass that roll into a compact space – the roll-down security doors seen at many businesses today.

Along with changes in technology came changes in style. As garages were gradually incorporated into houses – that is, going from a separate building to an attached one to part of the structure itself – the look and palette of garage doors evolved. No longer limited to the red-stained barn-door model or the white paint of early 20th-century design, they began to echo French Provincial, English Manor, Colonial, and California Ranch homes, among other popular architectural styles.

The modern garage, far from being an outbuilding or an afterthought, is as much a part of the typical American home as a family room and kitchen. And, in accordance with that status, garage doors today come in all the materials and styles favored by homeowners: traditional wood – with or without glass inserts and with or without resin impregnation – articulated steel and alloys, fiberglass, vinyl coatings, and aluminum.

Review on the First Episode of Gene Simmon's Family Jewels

A & E is the place to watch the latest version of the family reality show genre started by the Osbournes on MTV. However, there are a few major differences between Gene Simmon's Family Jewels, and the Osbournes, the zany British family led by rocker Ozzy Osbourne and boisterous wife Sharon. The Osbournes enjoyed such a huge audience mainly because the viewers really felt like they were getting a true, fly-on-the-wall view of one of rock's first families. Ozzy, Sharon, Jack and Kelly really never came across as actors; They did not need to. Their own reality was so completely odd and unpredictable that watching paint dry in the Osbourne household was a privilege. However, Kiss frontman Gene "The Tongue" Simmons comes across as the lead actor in a show where his family looks to him to identify their individual roles, especially Simmons' common-law wife, Shannon Tweed, who was once Playboy Playmate of the year . In the premiere episode we see Shannon trying to one up Gene, who announces (to the cameras) that he is planning a surprise party for her birthday. The kids respond to his announcement in a predictable fashion – with disbelief. How on Earth would daddy Gene, which clueless approach to the real world (we see him bathing the family dog ​​by throwing the dog into the pool and struggling to run a dishwasher), know the very basics of party planning? Also, given the theme of the first episode – that Gene is truly the King of his manse, to what all must defer – would Gene be unselfish enough to give his time and energy to his common law wife?

Gene and Shannon have been together for 23 years, and remain (in Gene's view) "happily unmarried." We learn quickly that Gene's reluctance to commit to the woman who has borne both of the couple's children is a source of amusement to the two teenagers, Nick and Sophie, and a source of distress to Shannon. But, does Gene care? Not if you believe what you see at the outside of the episode. Gene says to the camera "Marriage is an institution. You also have to be committed to it. If that does not sound like a nuthouse," he says, studying his nails, "nothing does." Shannon's answer to Gene's unique attitude is "If someone does not marry you after 23 years, it means you're a loser." Could you imagine Sharon Osbourne being so self-effacing? Are you kidding – Sharon was the ultimate matriarch! Shannon's own teenage son even chimes in to support his wayward father. "It's good being a bachelor," he says laughing. Sad. Another future divorcee or serial monogamist in the making, compliments of Gene Simmons.

Gene then takes the cameras along for an all out bachelor night in Vegas. Just for the heck of it, he leaves his family and goes to Hooters. The girls are draped all over Gene, seeing a human cash register because there is not much else to look at. We see the Alpha male at his coolest – driving the bubbleheads around in a limousine all the while spouting out pathetic lines such as, "I believe that I should have as many women as possible and I believe you should have as many women as possible. " Please. I am humilated for him, and for his whole family who support his delusional reality in which he is front and center. When Gene appears at home, Shannon asks how Vegas was. His reply? "There were lots of boobs and they were all bouncing into each other." Yawn. At the end of the day, Shannon pulls a big ol 'staged surprise on Gene and plans an ambush wedding. I'm too bored to even write another word about it, but if you're worried, Gene is still the man, the myth and the unmarried legend. In his own eyes, at least.

Hints on How to Take Great Pictures of Your Yorkshire Terrier Supermodel

Would not it be great to have a picture of your adorable, loyal Yorkshire Terrier on a tee shirt, a sweatshirt, a screensaver, a mouse pad, or a coffee mug? By following a few simple tips for taking outstanding pictures, you'll be able to take high quality photos of your pet with an inexpensive digital camera, a disposable 35 mm camera or even a camera phone.

Taking pictures of your Yorkshire Terrier can be a fun activity for you and your dog to do together. This beautiful breed, with its silky coat, is a natural subject for portrait photography. Your dog can look terrific in pictures wherever you use the very latest in high-tech digital cameras or an inexpensive camera phone.

Taking digital photos can save you a ton of money over old-fashioned prints from 35-mm. Film. With digital photography, you only pay for the pictures that you want to print. Blurry shots, overexposed frames, red eyes and other rejected frames all disappear into the digital trashcan with a single click.

Your dog only has a certain amount of patience, so get everything ready beforehand. Put fresh high-capacity memory storage card in your digital camera, replace the batteries and carry fresh batteries with you.

Choose a setting for your pictures. For an indoor setting, make sure there is plenty of light shining on your Yorkshire Terrier, and arrange any backdrops you will need so you can grab them quickly between shots. If you are taking pictures outdoors, secure the area for your Yorkshire Terrier's safety. A fenced back yard makes a great outdoor setting.

As soon as you pick up the camera, you have your hands full. You need to devote your attention to framing the shot and operating the camera, so ask someone to help you. Choose someone who gets along with your dog, and who your dog likes. Taking pictures together can be a fun adventure for the three of you. Serving refreshments for the people and the dog will help make the session more enjoyable. Take plenty of breaks to keep your dog from tiring out. Thank your assistant after the session is over by sending him or her one of the great Yorkshire Terrier pictures you took with your assistant's help.

Nothing is worse than taking great picture of your Yorkshire Terrier without noticing that you have a cluttered background, with laundry, dishes or newspapers competing for attention with your dog. To avoid clutter, use a solid-colored background to make your pictures the best they can be. Another way to have a spectacular background in your Yorkshire Terrier pictures is to use a chromatic green backdrop. With a chromatic green background, your background disappears digitally, and you can insert your Yorkshire Terrier into virtually any drop you can find. You can add surf, turf or snow to your picture without every going to the beach, the park, or the mountain.

The best Yorkshire Terrier pictures all seem to be at the dog's eye level. Do not be afraid to get down on the floor with your dog and take pictures, or set your dog on a tabletop or bed to raise its height. Remember, safety first! With these great tips, soon you'll be taking amazing pictures of your dog.

How Secure Are You Around "IoT"?

"The number of Internet-connected devices is growing rapidly and is expected to reach 50 billion by 2020."

This data is overwhelming and testifies the importance and reach of IoT. When we talk about IoT in general, we mean all those devices that communicate and can be accessed via the Internet based on their IP addresses. These "talking devices" are widely used in industrial machine-to-machine (M2M) communication, smart energy grids, home and building automation, vehicle to vehicle communication and wearable computing devices.

However, of late, this shift from desktop PC to mobile and now to IoT devices have been attracting tremendous malicious activity. All these internet-connected devices create access points with which hackers can infiltrate any network. That's a concern for any business, because these devices are also starting to show up at the corporate office for use in conference rooms, executive suites, and even as a low-cost building security camera system.

It sees now that the diversity of cyber threats mirrors the diversity of IoT devices. Devices with "always on" network connectivity are enabling new types of attacks that have not been seen in the past; These devices represent a new set of targets for potential data exposure and crime.

"On Friday October 21, 2016, a massive distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack was launched against Dyn, an internet infrastructure company." The attack was so massive, it blocked access to very popular websites, including Twitter, Amazon, Netflix, and many others.

"A similar attack was unleashed on 20th September 2016, on the security news site, KrebsOnSecurity." That attack was transported out by some 145,000 IoT devices and was described as a giant botnet hijacking internet-connected things, including smart cameras and light bulbs.

These attacks caused significant disruption and exposed the havoc that IoT security breech can create. Experts claim that the industry is not doing enough to protect these devices. The main problem with IoT devices is that their manufacturers have been slow to implement security. Many devices, like security monitoring cameras, are produced as inexpensively as possible and are accordingly equipped with the most basic software, which often can not be updated.

New challenges arise as new device categories like smartwatches communicate with the internet. More and more attacks on companies have started specifically against individual "smart-things" equipped employees, necessitating the integration of personal devices into a security strategy.

When we are letting each 'thing' connect to the global future, the confidentiality of data and privacy of information have to be given prime importance. They should, for example, define which devices are permitted on the company network and what data exchange with the network or the internet is wanted. Unwanted traffic can be preceded with the right security technology.

"Dan Lyon, the principal consultant at security-as-a-service firm Cigital, says, businesses need to start evaluating IoT products not only for the benefit they provide but also for embedded security features."

The Internet of Things (IoT) may be exciting, but these serious technical challenges need to be addressed. With technology, specifically IoT entering our personal spaces, we need to redefine our risk metrics and deploy actionable cybersecurity checks on rapidly evolving threats. To enjoy a risk-free technological ease, we must ensure that adequate security and privacy is available before the technology gets deployed and becomes part of our daily lives.

Practical Tips for Taking a Good Passport Photo

Getting a high-quality passport photo doesn’t need to be an arduous and time-consuming process. A simple solution is to take the photo yourself to avoid the time and expense of using the automatic machines at airports and train stations. Here are a few tips for taking a passport photo:

Daylight is best

The best time to take the passport photo is in the day when there is a lot of natural light. Stand somewhere that gives plenty of natural light to avoid shadows on the background or face. It is important to use flat lighting to minimize the risk of a photo being rejected due to shadows.

Facial expression

Take the photos while holding a natural, relaxed facial expression. Make sure to avoid blinking, smiling, or any other expressions. Use the camera’s self-timer and take several snaps and choose the one that is most appropriate.

Plan what to wear

It helps to keep it professional and wear a collared shirt or blouse. Try to avoid the loose-fitting clothes that don’t give the best look in photographs. A light-colored shirt is great for those with dark hair, while a dark top is practical for light hair. Also, it may be practical to groom yourself. Get the hair cut if necessary and wear neutral make up to stop a photo looking unflattering and garish.

Your surroundings

It is essential to have neutral surroundings when taking the passport photo. A light-colored background is the preferred option. Avoid dark or bright colors for your surroundings. For instance, a red background can create a luminescence effect that is likely to reflect back onto you. Try to recreate something similar to a photo booth with the clean and light background.

Use passport photo software

The passport photo software makes it really easy to click and select a preferred picture and have it printed out in a matter of minutes. The actual photo can be taken using a digital camera with a timer feature, or have a family member take the appropriate picture. The software gives the option to edit, crop or rotate the image to match the exact criteria of the passport. However, it is essential to avoid any post production that manipulates your appearance because this will likely mean the photo gets rejected.

Once the editing is done, use a high-quality photo paper with a decent resolution at the same onscreen size. The photo must be free of marks, creases and tears, so make sure to avoid using low-quality paper.

Unique Ideas for Girlfriend Get Togheters

Women create friendship opportunities. We suggest get togethers, shopping excursions, road trips, and coffee dates. We remember birthdays and anniversaries and make sure to stay connected. We call each other on the phone for no reason and meet for coffee, lunch, gossip and / or tears.

Being a woman and a mother is not about sacrifice its about investing in others as well as yourself. Striking the perfect balance between these two involves a little or a lot of fun. And who better to share fun times with than our girlfriends … let's face it ladies, girlfriends need girlfriends. The below suggestions are designed to provide ideas to create unique memories for you and your best gal pals. In planning how to celebrate, put your heads together, and do not forget your camera!

Plan a girls' night out:

Does this really need an explanation? In a nutshell, girls' night out is a tradition reinvented by generation upon generation of ladies looking to let their hair down, escape from their ordinary lives and get together for drinks and appetizers to gossip about everything: relationships, fashion tips, boyfriends / husbands , Or even the uncomfortable couple at the table next to them. This excursion can also be girls night in, ie staying at one girlfriend's house sipping wine, watching movies, snacking on junkfood. What more could a group of girlfriends need?

Start a monthly club:

No this is not an opportunity to discuss your period! Having a monthly club is the result of organizing a dedicated group of women to meet monthly for girl talk and gossip. Whatever is high school friends, college friends, mothers in the hood, meet with them once a month at someone's home, at a bar or restaurant for silly, rejuvenating fun!

Go on a weekend getaway:

So it may take some advance planning and babysitting arrangements. It will be worth it Mama! Does someone own a summer home that you know? Can you find an affordable hotel? Pack some food, drinks, even games and get started on your roadtrip escape. Or be spontaneous … destination unknown. Pick up your best friend and head north, south, east, west. Who cares … getting theirs will be more than half the fun!

Be newbies:

Try something new to you and your friends. A camping and kayaking trip, a guided hike, a cooking class, wine tasting, even sushi. Sharing a new experience with close friends is just one more way of breaking out of you comfort zone and building incredible memories. You may even pick up a new hobby in the process.

Pick a reason to celebrate:

Is someone coming to town, did a relationship just end, does one of the girls need a pick-me-up? Are you dying to try out the new karaoke joint and show off your new leather boots or did you just find out it's Brad Pitt's birthday (December 18)? Celebrate it! Be cute and send Girls Night Out Invitations or call around last minute and see who's up for a night out. Since we were little girls we loved to play dress up so make the night extra special and tell the girls to wear their funkiest or their flirtiest.

Kindle Education – For Improved Learning System

Kindle education is a handheld technology that drives at improving the act of learning. It makes it easier for one to access information and do some research straight from the internet. Educationists are trying to minimize the use of printed textbooks that waste a lot of time and also have limited information. Most people are now opting for electronic reading, commonly known as e-book reading. There is a lot of e-reading equipment like the kindle. It is a small electronic machine that is smaller than a laptop and can store a lot of information.

Information can be downloaded from the internet and stored in it. They are portable and that one can carry them and access information easily. They are cost effective and easy to acquire. Kindle education is just what schools need in order to function efficiently. Information can be distributed at the right moment to a lot of students who require it without any inconvenience.

E-readers like kindle use less power thus enabling one to use the device for a long time before the batteries gets exhausted. Students who possess kindles can access information faster than those with textbooks. Kindle education lessens the work done by teachers since a teacher can just assign work to students and they can make reference directly to the right connections. It also enables students to possess a lot of information than it would have been if they were using textbooks.

Kindle education saves the school money that would have been used in the purchase of books since enabling the school to develop in other sectors. Kindle education allows the student to access free internet at any time he or she wants. It also reduces the weight of your child's backpack so enabling him or her to carry his or her learning materials easily.

Kindles do not have any distractions like games, unlike laptops. Here the student is focused on studying only and also gets the student to read more. They give detailed information which makes the student to forgive things better Kindle education is the beginning of a revolution that everyone should embrace in order to boost the level of literacy in the world. The current generation of students needs to learn while enjoying learning and kindle education does just that. A lot of organizations have embroidered it and the others should follow suit. This is our way forward if we are to survive in our dynamic world.

How We Write Cell Phone Reviews

We test a variety of electronic products in our test center and our cell phone review team is the busiest. This is because phone market is the busier as compared to other gadgets. Lots of cell phones are coming in market; some are master pieces while some are disaster pieces. When we write cell phone reviews we look for the following factors.

The display of a cell phone is the first thing that you are bound to look at in a phone. If the phone is high end, we need a big resolution because it gives you lot of real estate to work on. Phones mostly uses LCDs for screen but some high end devices have now started to use AMOLEDs and OLED displays. This technology gives you better quality but they also come at a premium.

Not all phones have keypads. Smartphones are dumping this to have a bigger screen. Some smartphones have a slide out QWERTY keyboards. If the phone has a slider interface we look for smooth movement at the joints. The keyboards must be spacey and should give good typing experience. The buttons should also be elevated above the surface which makes typing easier.

Music player is very important in a cell phone. People look for good music player in a phone because they don’t want to carry a separate PMP. Service providers also offer a variety of services for music purchase. When we write cell phone reviews we check if the music quality is good. We also look for features like playlist creation on-the-fly and repeat and shuffle modes. Finally a high end smartphone must have a 3.5 mm jack which lets us plug in any standard headphones.

If you are a shutter bug freak on a stiff budget, you are likely to purchase a smartphone with good camera. 2 MP cameras are outdated; we think manufacturers should put in 5 MP or atleast 3.2 MP cameras on their products. In our reviews we also give additional points if the camera is equipped with mirror and flash.

The cost of the phone must do justice to the features. When people read our reviews they will probably check the cost first. If the handset doesn’t have good features or if the features don’t perform well (for example – a 5 MP camera might give poor photos) then a high price will turn off potential customers. Also if the price is low and the features are good, then we strongly recommend the phone to our readers.

This might depend on the type of the phone. If it has inbuilt GPS, it must perform well, if it is a business smartphone, the messaging features must be top notch. While writing reviews, we also check if there are any games to play during leisure. Finally the battery life must be good. We seldom find a phone with poor battery life but we always perform battery tests.

Unbreakable Padlocks and the Big Mistake People Make

Many people who are looking to buy a padlock and search for unbreakable padlocks are disappointed. Either they find a manufacturer or a seller of padlocks who claims they are unbreakable, or they find honest people who decline to offer them unbreakable padlocks. However, many make this mistake and fail. Why, we wouldn’t mind betting that some don’t even buy a padlock at all, after becoming disappointed and thinking themselves failures.

Here then are the 3 greatest errors that folks make whenever they start with a search for an unbreakable padlock.

First and foremost. although the quest appears to be a good one, it is also unattainable. Most people will tell you that there is no such thing as an unbreakable padlock, and they are right. A truly unbreakable padlock would remain unopened forever, no matter who tried to break the combination, and every conceivable method to break the padlock code or key would be employable, for as long as was necessary.

If this product existed would you be able to even afford such a padlock? So, if you search for an unbreakable padlock, think about what you really want, and we suggest that you redefine your search to something a bit more realistic.

The reason that this is very important is that there is no reason why you should not be able to buy a padlock which, while it won’t be completely “unbreakable” it will be hard enough to “break” to prevent your property being stolen. For, while avoiding this issue, you need to be aware that nothing is totally unbreakable.

Secondly, there was a story some years back when the new U-locks for bicycles appeared, which are too thick for bolt cutters to be used on them. That was great until someone found you could pour liquid nitrogen on them, then hit them, and they would shatter. This is sometimes a crucial point because if a thief wants in they will find a way. Cutting with a welders torch, grind through it with a grinder, freeze it, etc. To avoid the bad outcomes of this typical mistake you will want to be a little bit more realistic, some would say “down to earth”.

Last but not least, you will do probably as well as anyone can, by just buying a good quality Yale type padlock with a short shank, so that it would be hard to get a bolt cutter on it, and hope you catch the scum before they get a chance to rob you.

This problem occurs when there is nobody around to see what the villain is doing. If anyone was able to see what was being done with a whopping great set of bolt-cutters, it would look so suspicious that they would always take a good look at the offender.

So the problem is usually that the thief is able to be confident that nobody will see or hear them, and that being the case the offendor gains the courage to go and do it.

However, it occurs to us that this might be avoided by buying one of the new alarmed padlocks, with a motion detector, which have something like a 110 dB siren which would be activated as soon as the robber started to use a bolt cutter.

But, please be realistic about the fact that there are no such things as totally unbreakable padlocks, and insisting on buying one may just lead you to buying from an unscrupulous trader. So instead of insisting on an unbreakable padlock, ask for “the highest possible level of security at a reasonable price” and that way you are much more likely to get the padlock you need.

Truly, the idea of there being “unbreakable padlocks” on sale, anywhere, is an error.

You’ll want to very carefully stay away from these types of errors, when buying a padlock, as searching for an “unbreakable padlock”. As already explained, the seller would probably also fleece you for a lot of money at the same time. To avoid these mistakes, you could refer to the instructions above for carrying it out properly. You will then be satisfied that you have protected your property.

Advantages And Disadvantages of Vector Images

The vector images are defined mathematically, based on their geometric characteristics. To be precise, a vector image is described by a set of geometric primitives that describe points, lines, curves, and polygons to which we can attribute colors and shades. They are radically different from raster images, which are described as a grid of properly colored pixels.

Advantages

1. In most cases, vector images will require lesser disk space than a bitmap. They are mostly formed by flat colors or simple gradients because of which they do not require a lot of disk space. Lesser the information to create the image, smaller is the file size. Thus, they are given more preference in comparison to other images.

2. Vector images do not lose quality when they are scaled. In principle, a vector image can be scaled indefinitely. In the case of matrix images, a point is reached where it is evident that the image is composed of pixels. Thus, the quality of vector images is superior to other forms of images.

3. They can be easily saved and modified in the future. The best part is that, the process of modification is quite simple as well. All kinds of changes can be easily managed without any difficulty. Even if a file is modified, the resultant file does not occupy a lot of space. This is another reason why they are used across industries.

4. The process of creating them is quite simple as well. In fact, using simple drawings we can get complex vector images without a lot of difficulty. Simple and user-friendly programs such as Macromedia Freehand, Corel Draw and Adobe Illustrator can be used for creating simple drawings, which can be converted to vector images.

Disadvantages

1. They are generally not suitable for encoding pictures or videos taken in the “real world” (for example – photographs of nature), although some formats support a mixed composition. Virtually all digital cameras store images in bitmap.

2. The data used to describe them must be processed by a powerful machine, i.e. the computer must be powerful enough to perform the necessary calculations for forming the final image. If the data volume is high it may slow down the rendering of the image on screen, even when working with small files.

3. Another disadvantage is that, even small drawing errors are often visible, when the images are enlarged to certain extent. Such an incident can affect the quality of the images, especially when they are used in the field of animation.

Despite the fact that vector images have a few disadvantages, they have a wide range of applications and are implemented in the fields of computer graphics, architecture and engineering etc.