Fire Protection Companies Offer Training Program

Fire protection companies have initiated a training program for mechanical and fire protection companies from throughout the country that want to expand their services to include fire suppression and restaurant kitchen hood systems installation.

The fire protection companies have expanded their fire alarms systems and fire suppression systems services nationwide as a result of increased requests.

The companies already provided commercial hood installation and hood cleaning services nationwide.

They will continue to install other systems, including fire suppression systems in all of the surrounding areas. But in order to effectively address the nation demand, it's better for them to bring on contractors who they can train to provide the same quality service in their areas.

Companies interested in the training must meet some specific criteria.

They are looking for professional, ethical contractors who are willing to continue learn and better themselves. They want contractors who are eager, want to grow their businesses and who care about safety and honesty.

Contractors selected for this work must be willing to honor their contracts with everyone-especially customers- and go a step beyond the contract. Customers typically have no understanding of some of the technical terms issued in contracts. They get bids, people give them a bunch of technical words and the customer does not know what's missing.

When a customer comes to them or one of their contractors, they get the whole picture, honest and open, right then. Everything is written down and everything written is delivered completely.

It is important for customers to understand ahead of time what they will get. That takes proper explaining by the contractor, who should walk the customer through the process and answer all questions.

The contractors they work with also must complete work on time and remain available if the customer has trouble with the system. They also must honor guarantees and warranties, even if that means they may lose money on that particular trip.

There are times they go install a hood 100 miles away and three or four months later, the motor burns out. The motor is under warranty and the factory will send it to them, but guess who's going to drive 100 miles and install it for free? That's part of the deal, and they have to be ready for that.

Being honored sometimes is expensive, but fire protection companies believe it always pays back.

Contractors must pay bills to their suppliers on time and they must use high-quality products and materials.

Ongoing technical and safety training is necessary for contractors to continue to thrive in the industry. They will get proper safety and technical training on a regular basis, as well as continuous technical support.

-end-

About Home Theater Systems

Home theater systems are a setup in homes installed for the purpose of providing cinema quality video and audio reproductions. It includes television and video equipment with special audio systems incorporated – like surround sound. The objective of recreating the feel of being in a movie theater is actualized by placement of a movie screen across the wall, use of projectors and speakers having surround sound and special furnishings like upholstered seats and couches. For a standard home theater system the video display unit should be at least 40 inches and the number of speakers involved in the surround sound system should be at least five.

Features and utility of home theater systems

The home theater provides much better movie viewing experience than typical television screens. Television screens are typically square shaped and fail to provide the realism observed in movie screens. Home theater systems are designed to take care of this and provides a worthwhile re-creation of the movie house.

Home theater arrangements may comprise of a simple setup involving a DVD player fed through a stereo system and a larger, specially designed television set. Again, it may also constitute an elaborate arrangement whereby an entire room is professionally wired involving multiple speakers and projectors are set up together with a projection screen.

The home theater room housing the home theater system is usually a room without windows – much like a cinema. Such rooms are to be found in sophisticated, plush homes. Home theater system installation gives a touch of class, refinement and taste to the room and the home. You too may be looking for securing a home theater system for your home and want to settle down for nothing less than the ultimate in home theater experience. In this case you need to commission professional installers who will design the entire movie viewing room and gear it up for delivering the cinema experience.

Use of wireless home theater systems

The home theater setup involves considerable wiring. This is needed to connect the multiple speakers placed at various locations and the projectors and other equipment. However, wireless home theater systems have also come up now to ease out the trouble of setting up wiring networks. Though these are more expensive they often prove to be worth their value by being free from the numerous wires and the associated hassles.

How Is The Acoustic Test Done?

Are you thinking of renovating your house or apartment? If so, you should consider a few very important factors. Your city or state may have certain regulations regarding the renovation of buildings and you have to follow the rules. For instance, your building or house should pass the sound insulation test.

A professional from the concerned company will pay a visit to your house to make sure the sound coming out of walls and floors of your house is within the set limits. Actually, this step is taken to make sure your neighbors will not get disturbed by the noise coming out of your concessions. What type of sound tests will they do? Read on to find out.

Adjacent Room Test

As the name suggests, the professional will do the test on two rooms that share a common wall. For instance, the professional will check the bedrooms of a pair of apartments that share the same wall.

For larger rooms, the acoustic company may use the airborne sound insulation testing. The noise level is measured on the other side of the wall. If the noise level is too high, the apartment owner is requested to take the necessary steps.

Single Floor Testing

In this test, two rooms are tested. One is located on the first floor and the other is located right above the first floor room. The professional will test how much noise the other room receives.

The noise level in the second room should not be too high. Typically, the airborne test is conducted to get the desired results.

Several Floors and Walls

If your house or apartments has tons of walls and floors, the application of the tests will be difficult. So, how would the acoustic test done for all the rooms and walls? Well, the acoustic company may go for the sample testing instead.

For several walls and floors, the professional may choose to randomly test 10 out of 100 walls and floors. This procedure is followed in order to save time and cost. If all the rooms are tested, the cost and time for the entire procedure will be too much. And the companies have a lot of other buildings to check.

When Should You Get the Testing Done?

Before you get in touch with the company, make sure you meet the fundamental parameters. For your convenience, we have made a list of parameters that should be met:

· Make sure you have installed all the windows and doors

· Make sure all the rooms are free of clutter

· Make sure the entire ventilation systems are in place

· Make sure the electrical system is ready

· Make sure there is no external noise during the test

So, before you call the acoustic company to test the noise level of your apartment, we suggest that you check all the points. Since each company has some specific regulations, you should consider them before making arrangements for the test. Once you have considered these points, you can call the company for a visit.

Part Time Money Making Opportunities Are All Around You

For most people making ends meet is a constant battle caused by their wants over needs. If you find yourself always struggling financially you have one of two choices; either lessen your expenses, or increase your income.

Lessen your expenses is not as difficult as many people think and can be easily done simply by tracking your expenses and on a regular basis evaluating their necessity. Making extra money, while maintaining your current job, is also not difficult.

With some ingenuity, and a well thought out plan, you can enjoy the benefits of an extra income. Getting a part-time job is the most obvious way to make extra money. Retailers, fast food restaurants and call centers are always looking for evening and weekend part-time help. If you are looking for a way to earn extra money that is time flexible, enjoyable, with unlimited income potential, plus the benefits of tax write offs then give some serious thought to starting your own part-time business.

Starting your own business does not mean a large capital outlay, or requires long hours. Advertising / marketing your business can easily be done for little to no cost through flyers, a website (Internet), Craiglist, word of mouth. Think of your new side business as your hobby and you will find enjoyment while creating an additional income. Who knows, your side business may one day grow into a fulltime business.

How easy is it really to begin a new business that will not intrude on your current job? Keep your business simple, and most importantly in line with something you enjoy, and you can start the following businesses tomorrow:

1. Lawn care and snow removal. Remember when teenagers would mow the neighbor's lawn, or shovel their driveway and sidewalk, for a few bucks? You, like I was, may have been such a teenager. Whatever happened to such simple entrepreneurship? Mowing lawns hide me fit, cave me a great tan and money. Distribute flyers advertising your services to your immediate neighbors, or approach them directly (seniors and busy executables are your best bets). The best thing about a lawn care service is that you can mow lawns after work or on weekends. You will be getting exercise while earning money. Snow removal, on the other hand is not as flexible since your customers will want the driveway and sidewalk cleared immediately after a snowfall, which is something you will need to consider, especially if you live in Minnesota or Buffalo, New York.

2. Collect and resell golf balls. Nobody knows with any semblance of accuracy how many golf balls are lost annually. Given the how the number of golfers has grown exponentially over the last decade estimating in the millions would be conservative. Purchase a good ball retriever, which should be solid, easy to use and light, then start taking strolls along your local golf courses. Typically balls are lost along fines where the grass is overgrown, in deep grass off fairways (the most common error is slicing and most golfers are right handed, so check the grass right of the fairway) and water hazards. You can sell your golf balls on the side of the road leading to a golf course, or to the pro shops, though you will get less than the 50 ¢ per ball you would get at the side of the road. Stroll golf courses after work and sell your finds on Saturday mornings.

3. Pet sitter. If you have a way with animals then looking after your neighbors pet (s) during their absence can bring in extra money. Your services will be welcomed since most pet owners dread placing Fido or Tiger in a kennel while the family enjoys Epcot Center. On your part the only effort required is to stop by your client's home on the way to work and after work, making sure there's food and water and to walk Fido.

4. House sitter. Along the lines of being a pet sitter why not offer a house sitting service? You basically make the house look occupied during the owner's absence. Bring in mail, turn on and off a few lights, mow the lawn, water the plants … that kind of stuff, all which can be done outside your regular job.

5. Teach a course. Chances are you are an expert at something. It could be you are World War II buff, your houseplants and garden flourish under your care, you have an ever expanding wine collection, you are a financial planner, your co-workers always come to you for help with creating an Excel spreadsheet or PowerPoint presentation. Why not offer to teach what you know? You could teach at the local college, library, Legion Hall, YMCA, church, or if you are comfortable doing so in your home. Offer your classes in the evenings or on the weekends.

6. Friday night / weekend daycare. Have you tried finding a babysitter for a Friday night, or Saturday night? Advertise that you will look after children in your home on Friday nights and on weekends and you will not be short of clients. This is a very simple business with a high demand.

7. Fairs / flea markets. Does everyone rave about your chili? Why not make a few batches on weeknights and sell jars of it at a local flea market on the weekends? If chili is not your thing, how about soup, jams, pickled eggs or pastries? If cooking is not your forté then what about crafts? Simply selling coffee, along with a few store bought donuts, muffins and cookies will make you money. If you are looking for something to sell go on eBay and chose a category of interest (ie Camera & Photo, DVDs & Movies, Sporting Goods), sort by "Price + Shipping: lowest first" and bid $ 1 on everything that catches your eyes and does not have a reserved price. While you will not be the winning bidder on every auction you will win many of them. Soon you will have plenty of items to sell at a very good profit.

8. Parades / festivals. Anywhere a large group of people gathers is a money making opportunity. Parades and festivals draw large crowds so why not take advantage of it. Buy as many cases of bottled water as your automobile can hold, or better yet rent a van. Park as close to the parade, or festival, as you can, place a large sign advertising what you are selling and the price, and get ready to make some serious money. For example, if you buy a case of 24 bottles of water for $ 4.99 (21 ¢ per bottle before taxes) and sell each bottle of water for $ 1.00, which is less expensive than what venders at the parcel or festivals will be charging, you will make a clear profit of 79 ¢ per bottle. Sell ​​350 bottles of water and you just made $ 276.50 in one afternoon.

9. Fund raiser. Do you enjoy dealing with people and have a knock for marketing? Offer your favorite charities and non-profits organizations to raise funds for them, which you keep a profit of. Your success will depend on being able to present yourself as trustworthy; making people feel the money they donate will reach the charity. Before you begin check with your local government to inform yourself if you require certification or a license.

10. Tutoring. You may be a sales manager for a plumbing supply company, but you have a BA in English, with honors. Why not offer to tutor students in your home or the student's? To be an effective tutor you just need to know more about the subject than your student (s). You can charge by the hour, or offer a package (ie a flat fee of $ 200 for 5 sessions) and schedule you tutorials in the evening or on weekends. To make your services more affordable offer a reduce rate for multiple students.

Part time money making opportunities are all around you! It's just a matter of looking at your skills and passions and advertising your service. Other possibilities are:

  • Musician (weddings, evening gigs at your local watering hole)
  • Painting
  • Personal Fitness Trainer
  • Home inspector
  • Yoga and Tai Chi Instructor
  • Restaurant Delivery (The place that make the best pizza may not deliver, why not offer to do so?)
  • Personal Chef
  • Personal Trainer
  • Office and Home Organizer
  • Handyman
  • Garage and Attic Cleaning / Hauling Service
  • Band manager (offer to manage a local band, or some, for a percentage)
  • Exterior window cleaning

… the possibilities are endless.

For more ideas pick up a copy of 101 Best Weekend Businesses , by Dan Ramsey or How to Become a Successful Weekend Entrepreneur , by Jennifer Basye.

By streamlining your expenses and increasing your income you will be well on your way to improving your finances.

Convenient And Affordable Car Parks

There is nothing more convenient that affordable car parks at area airports. In fact, these venues play a pivotal role in most passenger arrivals and departures. When it comes to finding the right venue to meet your needs, you have to decide whether you want to park your vehicle inside the terminal or outside. No matter which option you choose, you are guaranteed timely and professional services across the board.

Terminal car lots tend to cost a bit more than those outside and adjacent to the airport. However, these services offer the same security and protection as outer lots. This includes camera surveillance day and night, along with security guards and even infrared alarms. Inner lots also offer vehicle maintenance for upon request. This, of course, is for passengers that will be traveling on extensive holidays or business trips.

Outer lots are surely a lot cheaper than terminal parks. In fact, these venues are considered economic parking, which may not include all the amenities as premium lots. However, shuttle services are available around the clock. This ensures all passengers make their flights on time and without any hassle or aggravation. Outer lots are known as park and fly in the industry, and are extremely convenient for all domestic and international passengers.

Some lots offer premium maintenance services for extended stay cars. This includes checking the battery, along with tire pressure. Passengers, of course, will have to leave their keys with local attendants. This does not mean that these professionals will abuse or drive your car around at will. This is against the law, and all vehicles are monitored by central dispatchers and command.

Airport car parks continue to soar in global popularity. From Intercontinental Airport in Houston to London Heathrow, these venues are designed to facilitate countless vehicles. There are always handicap accessible spots available, along with plenty of room for large vans, buses, trucks, SUVs, and even motorcycles. If requested, covered parking is available as well. These are great for passengers that do not want their cars being stained by torrential downpours and storms.

Passengers requiring immediate pickup and drop off can call in ahead of time. If there is enough room, they may be able to secure convenient spaces next to shuttle pickup. Local drivers drop off passengers to all domestic and international terminals. While it is not a requirement, tipping the driver is a great way to say thank you for his or her prompt, timely and professional services.

With convenient automobile parking, you never have to worry about missing your flight. In fact, if you are running a few minutes late, the lot can arrange expedited shuttle services to your terminal. They will even contact the terminal and air carrier that you are on your way. This is truly the best way to fly without worrying about finding parking spots close to the airport.

Access Control and Security – Card Swipe Entry Systems!

If you operate a business, you are certainly concerned about who has access to your business. One of the most simple security measures you can put in place is a card reader access control system. Card reading systems allow you to assign access to a card and then assign that card to your employee. The employee then swipes the card through a reader box at the entry door, similar to the manner in which you may swipe a credit card through the credit card reader at the store.

Card swipe access control systems are more secure and easier to administrator than the more traditional method of providing employees keys to your business. If you have a number of employees, giving them keys to your building would be a serious security risk and would come with a very hefty price tag to maintain. Just one employee losing a key or leaving the job without returning a key means you would have a security issue on your hands. The expense of having the locks changed can become costy, considering you have to not only change out the locks, but you would have to distribute new keys to all employees as well.

Card swipe systems allow you to easily deactivate a single card if lost, stolen or not returned by a former employee. You do not have to spend the money to change any locks, have new keys made or assign those new keys to your employees.

Card readers can be installed at any door in your building, which means you can use them to control the entry doors to the building, but you can also use them for doors inside your business as well, to limit access to particular parts of your business .

Card readers can record information to a computer software that can pump out reports for you regarding who has been where in your business, and when they have been there. This is helpful information to have at your fingertips if any type of theft does occur and an employee may be at fault.

Card swipe systems can make your employees feel a little more at ease also. You and your employees can rest assured that access to the facility is limited to those with the proper entry card.

RV Spring Preparation Checklist

Your RV has been sitting idle over the winter. Now the early signs of spring are here and it’s time to take it out of storage and prepare the coach and chassis for this years camping season. If you’re like me, you want to have some type of logical sequence to follow rather then haphazardly checking the unit out. I made a simple checklist to use so that nothing is overlooked. I prefer to do the majority of spring preparation myself. If you’re more comfortable having someone else do it you can schedule an appointment with a reputable RV service center to have it done.

* Depending on how your unit was winterized it will need to be de-winterized. If you used non-toxic RV antifreeze you need to run fresh water through the entire system until all traces of antifreeze are gone. To remove it from the 12-volt water pump add water to the fresh water-holding tank, turn the pump on and open all water faucets. When the antifreeze is out of the system turn the pump off and take the water heater out of the by-pass mode (if applicable). Re-install any water filter cartridges you removed for storage.

* At this point I like to sanitize the water system. Make sure all of the drains are closed and drain plugs are installed. Take a quarter cup of household bleach for every fifteen gallons of water your fresh water tank holds. Mix the bleach with water into a one-gallon container and pour it into the fresh water holding tank. Fill the fresh water holding tank completely full of water. Turn the water pump on and open all faucets, run water until you smell the bleach. Close the faucets and let it sit for at least twelve hours. Drain all of the water and re-fill the tank with fresh water. Turn the pump on and open all faucets until you no longer smell bleach. It may be necessary to repeat this process to eliminate all signs of the bleach.

* With the water system under pressure inspect for water leaks. Check the operation of the toilet.

* Wash the unit thoroughly. This is a good time to inspect the roof and body seams, and window sealants for cracking that would allow water to get in. Consult a dealer for sealants compatible with these materials.

* Inspect the operation of the awning and clean the awning fabric as required.

* Inspect the tires for signs of dry rot. Inflate all tires to the recommended COLD tire pressure.

* Lubricate all hinges and locks with spray lubricant.

* Remove any tape or protective covering you may have put over LP gas vents to keep insects and rodents out. Check any mousetraps you may have put out. Open all doors and compartments and check for rodent intrusion and water damage.

* Inspect and clean the interior.

* Plug in any appliances that you unplugged for storage and replace any dry cell batteries you may have removed. This is a good time to put new batteries in items like smoke alarms.

* Test the operation of the carbon monoxide alarm, LP gas leak detector and smoke alarm.

* Check the fire extinguisher. Be sure it is fully charged.

* Reset any breakers you may have turned off. If you removed any fuses for storage re-install them.

* Clean or replace air conditioner filters if it wasn’t done prior to storage and remove any covers that were put over air conditioners.

* Open vents and windows and air the unit out.

* If you removed the coach and chassis batteries for storage install them. Whether they were removed or not check the electrolyte levels, clean the terminals and clamps, and check the charge level in all batteries. Recharge batteries as necessary.

* Check the operation of the electric steps if applicable. Lubricate step mechanism.

* Test the operation of the hydraulic jacks if applicable. Check hydraulic fluid level.

* Test the operation of the back up camera and monitor if applicable.

* If you didn’t change the oil and filters in the generator prior to storage this is a good time to do it. Inspect the generator exhaust system for damage prior to starting. Start and run the generator for two hours with at least a half rated load on it. Consult the generators owner manual for load ratings.

* Turn the generator off and plug the unit into shore power. Turn the refrigerator on in the electric mode. Allow sufficient time to cool and check for proper operation.

* Check all 12-volt interior lights and accessories.

* Test the monitor panel for proper operation.

* Check the operation of slide outs if applicable.

* Check the remaining 120-volt appliances for proper operation.

* Test the Ground Fault Interrupter (GFI) for proper operation.

* Turn the refrigerator off, leave the doors open and allow sufficient time for it to get to room temperature so it can be checked in the gas mode.

* Before I use the LP gas system I have a leak test and gas operating pressure test preformed. A qualified technician with the proper equipment should do these tests.

* After this is accomplished turn the LP gas valve on and check the operation of all LP gas appliances. Be sure the water heater is full of water before testing the water heater. If a gas appliance is not operating properly have it inspected by a qualified technician. Insects are attracted to the odorant added to LP gas and build nests that can affect the appliance from operating properly.

* If your unit was in long-term storage and you didn’t change the engine oil and filter prior to storage this would be a good time to do it.

* Check all fluid levels in transmission, power steering, engine coolant, engine oil, windshield washer and brakes. Consult vehicle owners manual.

* Start the engine and check for proper readings on all gauges. Check for proper operation of dash air conditioner.

* Perform a complete chassis lubrication if it wasn’t done prior to storage.

* Check the condition of windshield wiper blades and replace them if necessary.

* Check the operation of all chassis lights.

* Make sure the vehicle emissions/inspection sticker is up to date.

* In addition to this if you have a pop-up or travel trailer the wheel bearings and brakes (if equipped) should be inspected at least once annually. Inspect any canvas for dry rot and tears; inspect all hitch work and the coupler for damage. Inspect the breakaway switch and pigtail for proper operation.

Happy Camping ,

Mark

Copyright 2006 by Mark J. Polk owner of RV Education 101

What Everybody Ought to Know About iPad Kiosks and How Secure They Are

Interactivity is the name of the game. Whether it is retail stores, wireless operators, libraries, conferences and events or banks, hotels, airlines, travel agents and restaurants, Customers get to find whatever information they need from the ever popular iPad. In all such establishments’ one can find one or may be more of these tablets that present information on demand and raise levels of customer satisfaction. However, the tablet must be presented in a manner that makes its use easy. It is also important to keep the iPad fully secured to guard against anyone simply putting it into his bag and walking off.

The solution is a variety of stands and enclosures for the iPad. Safe and secure iPad kiosks are available in various types and configurations. Some tablet stands have a base and a goose neck with clamping facility to hold the device. Some can be mounted on walls and enclose the tablet from sides with some tilt-swivel features. Some have grips with quick release features. Retail counters that actually sell iPads must make them available for demo purposes and the device must also be kept secure. IT should be easy for a prospective buyer to explore features of the device. The kiosk is, in effect, a holder that has some clamping features and a swivel-tilt base to hold the iPad at a convenient angle for users to try it out. From the seller’s perspective, security of the device is important. Therefore, additional security electronic features may be incorporated that sound an alarm should anyone attempt to detach the tablet. Such stands may also have inbuilt chargers to keep the device fully powered up all the time. Even hotels, restaurants, airline booking counters, travel agents, museums, libraries and hospitals that make use of such stands for tablets focus on keeping the tablet protected against theft.

These are the main features to look for when one considers suitable kiosks for tablets like iPads as an interactivity point. The tablet may contain valuable data and it is necessary to keep it fully secured in a mechanical as well as electronic way, the last of which is important for retail stores with high footfalls. In such environments the stands are equipped with an alarm sensor.

Aesthetics also play an important role. The kiosk must not only be lightweight and slimline but it must have suitable aesthetics to suit decors of the environment where the iPads will be used. Ergonomics is another factor to consider when buying safe and secure stands for iPads. Large spaces like libraries and museums may need to present the iPad in a different way. In such instances a free standing floor stand with an articulating or tilt and swivel facility for the holder. The holder may have secure clamps or grips to keep the iPad fully secured against attempts to remove it.

iPads are expensive and the data they contain may be worth much more. Keeping it fully secured while providing ease of access is important for libraries, hotels and similar institutions. New iPads in stores, if stolen, mean a loss for the store owner and security clamps or electronic cum mechanical stands are the perfect solution to let customers play with the tablet and keep it protected at the same time.

Those Things Which Can not Be Shaken May Remain – St James Cathedral Church

PART I: ST. JAMES CATHEDRAL CHURCH

Canada's history is timelessly preserved in some of the most beautiful architecture in Toronto. These living artifacts built with wood, stone, brick and mortar over the past 200 years continue to speak to us. Yet the very act of observation changes this state because we experience our own version of the ephemeral rattling of our economy, morality, scientific thought, spiritual currency – continuing tilting the axis of human edifice.

Church Street has always been a gathering place. Sanctuary to new immigrants, the homeless, the curious and the faithful. St. James Cathedral Church was built on soil steeped in blood from centuries past – providing shelter for the wounded and the dead during the War of 1812.

The great human struggle continues, as global economic upheaval rattles the very senses of 21st Century progress. The Occupy Movement chose this destination to set-up camp in 2011, a defining moment in Toronto's civic stewardship.

On Canada's 145th birthday and the bicentennial of the War of 1812, I packed my camera and trekked the muddy streets of York, curious to discover the ancestral path of my forefathers. I was looking for Schrodinger's cat. Instead, I found Toronto.

The Little Muddy York that could

In 1791 Canada was separated into Upper and Lower Canada. Lieutenant Governor Simcoe commandly named to name the capital York, although mapmakers in Britain had designated it Fort Toronto as early as the 1720's. In 1787, Governor General Lord Dorchester arranged the 'Toronto Purchase' from the Missisaugas Ojibway (Anishinabe) Nation, an area covering today's Metropolitan Toronto and York Region. Thus, Toronto was born. Additional ratione for this name change was that York could be confused with New York and other Yorks, and because of its nicknames (Muddy York and Little York).

It seems that we have not lost our hankering to be a 'little New York'. Steps away from St. George James Cathedral Church, financial towers reach for the sky – bold minimalist glass and steel icons – casting the shadows of a post-modern world on a city that has not lost sight of the heavens.

"The grounds of St. James' Cathedral have served many purposes – a place of worship, a cemetery, and even a public park. military hospital by the British and Canadian forces during the heaviest fighting of the War of 1812. At the outbreak of war against the United States on June 18th, 1812, military infrastructure in Upper Canada was minimal. rudimentary hospital facilities, these were small buildings, suitable only for the routine demands of a peacetime garrison. As military forces and casualties increased, the town of York became a key response point for the sick and wounded personnel due to its strategic and political importance as the capital of Upper Canada. The town's only church was to play a major role in the treatment of these casualties. "

Notes taken from report, "A Place of Mercy and Medicine: 'The Church' at York as a Military Field Hospital, 1813-1815" Gareth Newfield, Research Fellow, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa

Following the war of 1812, Toronto experienced rapid growth, all the while the expanding Anglican congresses worshiped in a small Georgian style wooden structure that was built on Church Street. It was originally replaced by a stone church with a tower. It would burn down in 1849. John Strachan, first Bishop of Toronto would lead an international competition to design a Gothic-styled cathedral. At that time most of the city's population of 18,000 lived south of Queen Street, steps away from where this church stands today.

The Cathedral Church of St. James – 1853

The church that stands today was built of local brick and the finest Ohio stone. The spire, the pinnacles and porches were trademark Henry Langley designs – Canadian born, apprenticed to Scottish architect William Hay, Langley's legacy included the building of 70 churches across Ontario, and his Toronto landmarks that remain include the Metropolitan United Church, St. Louis. Luke's United Church, and St. Michael's College. Langley was installed as the first chair of the Department of Architecture at the University of Toronto, where he taught during the 1880s and 1890s.

Those things which can not be shook may remain – 2011

In 2011, these very same grounds would become the central gathering place and temporary camp for the Occupy Movement, as part of a worldwide response to increasing economic disparity.The occupation lasted a few short months, and while the St.. James Cathedral Church did not encourage this act of protest, it treated the Protesters with dignity and respect.

"We must recognize that there is a worldwide increase in the socio-economic imbalance that exists. It is this that has led to the formation of the Occupational movement. It is a part of the larger picture. We are in a time of significant transition. remain (Hebrews 12:27).

The Very Reverend Douglas A. Stoute

In this same year, members of the Ancient Society of College Youths (ASCY) came to Toronto to ring the Bells of Old York at the Cathedral. The Society, based in London, England was founded in 1637. The bells pealed for 3.5 hours straight, appealing hundreds to St.. James Park for this spiritual sojourn.Installed in 1865, one hundred feet high in the tower and spire which crowns St. Louis. James' Cathedral is a peal of twelve change-ringing bells (the only one in Canada, and one of only two installations in North America).

Bats in the Belfry

A unique presence in the Cathedral's musical life, The Bells of Old York are run by members of The St. Louis. James' Cathedral Guild of Change Ringers before the 11 am service on Sundays, beginning as soon as the 9 am service has ended – usually sometime around 10:10 am. The bells cascade on events of state such as the passage of the Ottawa Treaty of the banning of land-mines, and call a mournful muffled prayer after such tragedies as the death of Princess Diana.

Memory Cards Complete Guide

Ever wondered what are these tiny chips? Confused by the names?
We are here to help you.

This article is about the various memory components available in the market for mobile phones.


Memory Stick

MS Memory Stick is a removable flash memory card format, launched by Sony in October 1998, and is also used in general to describe the whole family of Memory Sticks. This family includes the Memory Stick Pro, a revision that allows greater maximum storage capacity and faster file transfers speeds, and Memory Stick Duo, a small-form-factor version of the Memory Stick.

50.0 x 21.5 x 2.8 mm

Memory Stick Duo

MS Duo

31.0 × 20.0 × 1.6 mm

The Memory Stick Duo, which is slightly smaller than the competitive Secure digital format, was developed in response to Sony's need for a smaller flash memory card for pocket-sized digital cameras and cell phones, as well as Sony's PSP. Memory Stick Duos are available in all the same variants as their larger cousins ​​(normal ones limited to 128 MB, larger Pro Sticks, with and without High Speed ​​mode), and a simple adapter (often sold together with the Memory Stick Duo) allows a Duo to be used in any device that can accept their larger cousins.

Memory Stick Micro M2

15.0 x 12.5 x 1.2 mm

Sony announced a new Memory Stick format on 30 September 2005. The new Memory Stick M2 ("micro") measures 15 x 12.5 x 1.2 mm and could theoretically have 32GB in the future. Maximum transfer speed is 160MB / s. It will come with an adapter, much like the Duo Sticks, to ensure compatibility with current Pro devices.

Multi Media Card

MMC

32 x 24 x 1.5 mm

The MMC card or MultiMediaCard was introduced in 1997 by SanDisk Corporation and Siemens AG. At that point the MMC card was the smallest memory card, about the size of a postage stamp, in the market based on flash memory technology. The MMC card is very similar to the Secure Digital Memory Card, actually the SD Memory Card is based on the MMC card. They have almost the same form factor the only differences are that the SD Memory Cards are slightly thicker and they have a write protection switch.

Since the MMC card had slow transfer speed, 2.5 MB / sec, in comparison to other memory cards, mostly compared to SD Memory Card, a new high performance version of the MMC card was introduced in 2005 by the name MMCplus. The MMCplus has today the highest, up to 52 MB / sec, theoretical data transfer speed in the whole memory card industry.

The MultiMediaCard Association announced that by the end of 2005 the secureMMC application will only be available for the MMCplus and MMCmobile memory cards. The SecureMMC is a copyright protection application that features DRM, Digital Rights Management, and VPN, Virtual Private Network, capabilities.


Reduced Size Multi Media Card

RS-MMC

16 x 24 x 1.5 mm

MMCmobile (RS-MMC)

RS-MMC, Reduced Size MultiMediaCard, was introduced in 2003 by the MultiMediaCard Association (MMCA) as the second form factor memory card in the MultiMediaCard family. The RS-MMC is a smaller version of the standard MMC card, approximately half in size, and was specifically designed to be used by mobile phones and other small portable devices.


Dual Voltage Reduced Size Multi Media Card

DV RS-MMC

16 x 24 x 1.5 mm

In 2005 the Dual Voltage (DV) RS-MMC was introduced. It is basically the same card like the standard RS-MMC but operates with dual voltage, 1.8V and 3.3V, leading to lower power consumption which contributes to longer lasting battery life for the host devices. The DV RS-MMC and the RS-MMC are fully compatible with each other but since the time of the installation, the RS-MMC will not work. We recommend to always buy the Dual Voltage RS-MMC for being sure your memory card will function with the electronic device.

MMCmicro Card

MMCmicro

12 x 14 x 1.1 mm

The MMCmicro, previously known as S-CARD introduced by Samsung, was adopted and introduced in 2005 by the MultiMediaCard Association (MMCA) as the third form factor memory card in the MultiMediaCard family. MMCmicro is the smallest, about the size of a fingernail, memory card in the MultiMediaCard family and among the smallest in the world. It was specifically designed for being used in mobile phones and other small portable devices.

The MMCmicro memory card is available with an adapter, MMCplus. This makes it not only compatible to all MMC and MMCplus slots but also to all SD Memory Card slots. It is important to keep in mind that music stored on MultiMediaCards my not being able to play back when inserted into a SD Memory Card slot due to the copyright protection features supported by the SD slots.

Since the MMCmicro is the latest memory card to be developed and introduced to the market it is not that compatible to many mobile phones and electronic devices yet. Still it is expected to be one of the memory card formats that will dominate in the mobile phone industry among the frontrunner microSD and the under development Memory Stick Micro.

Secure Digital Card

SD

32 x 24 x 2.1 mm

The SD Memory Card or Secure Digital was introduced in 2001 by SanDisk Corporation, Matsushita (Panasonic) and Toshiba. The SD Memory Card was based on the MultiMediaCard, MMC, memory card standard and has almost the same form factor, the size of a postage stamp, the only differences are that the SD memory card is slightly thicker and has a write protection switch. Since MMC cards are thinner than SD Memory Cards they can be used in all SD Memory Card slots but not vice versa.

The SD Memory Card is today the most common used memory card. It can be found in most digital cameras, PDAs and in many other electronic devices. The SD Memory Card slots can be used for more than flash memory cards. The SDIO, Secure Digital In & Out, is the general name for the many expansion modules that can be found in the SD Memory Card's form factor. SDIO modules can be inserted in the slot and be used for other functions like Bluetooth adapters, GPS receivers, digital cameras, TV tuners, etc

miniSD Card

miniSD

21.5 x 20 x 1.4 mm

The miniSD was introduced in 2003 by SanDisk Corporation in cooperation with Matsushita (Panasonic) and Toshiba. Later in that year the miniSD format was adapted by the SD Card Association as the second form factor memory card in the Secure Digital family. MiniSD is a smaller version of the SD memory Card format, about 60% smaller in volume, and offers the same benefits as the SD Memory Card expect of the writing protection switch.

MiniSD was designed specifically to be used in small portable electronic devices like digital cameras and mobile phones. But since all miniSD memory cards always come with a SD Memory Card adapter, they are compatible to all SD Memory Card slots and theby provide compatibility with the rapidly growing number of SD Memory Card compatible devices in the market.

MiniSD was the second, after SD Memory Card, memory card to be adapted by the SD Card Association, which today consists of three members. In 2005 the microSD was introduced as the third, and smallest, member of the Secure Digital family.

microSD Card also known as Transflash

μSD

11 x 15 x 1 mm

rashFlash, previously known as T-Flash, was introduced by SanDisk Corporation in 2004 as the world's smallest memory card, approximately the size of a fingernail. TransFlash was specifically designed for being used in mobile phones. Motorola was the first mobile phone manufacturer to adapt the TransFlash memory card standard.

In the 3rd quarter of 2005 TransFlash was adapted by the SD Card Association as the third form factor memory card in the Secure Digital family, after SD Memory Card and miniSD. After the adoption, TransFlash changed name to microSD. The microSD has exactly the same dimensions and specifications as the TransFlash and therefore both memory cards are completely compatible to each other.

Today the microSD is the most common used memory card in mobile phones and the SD Card Association's objective is to make microSD a de facto memory card standard for all mobile phones. All TransFlash and microSD cards always come with a SD Memory Card adapter, which makes them compatible with all SD Memory Card slots. The microSD is about 10% in size compared to SD Memory Card and about 30% compared to miniSD.

xD-Picture Card

xD

20 x 25 x 1.7 mm

The xD-Picture Card was introduced in 2002 by Fuji Film and Olympus as a replacement to the older SmartMedia Card. It is produced exclusively by Toshiba and can be found branded only under the name of Fuji Film and Olympus.

The xD-Picture Card format was developed to be used in digital cameras and is more or less only used in Fuji Film and Olympus digital cameras. Like SmartMedia Card, the xD-Picture Card does not incorporate a controller chip which allows it to have a small form factor but at the same time making it dependent to the host device's controller chip.